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Modern Day Chishtis

  • Carl W. Ernst
  • Bruce B. Lawrence

Abstract

While extensive attention has been given to the early Chishti Sufis, and even to their Mughal and colonial successors, the same cannot be said for the contemporary period. The latest period is not only treated as last, but also as least important. It is most often summarized as a “revival,” following a “decline” from the original greatness of a “classical” or “formative” period. Our own approach questions the threefold model of classicism, decline, and revival. Those who speak of a Chishti revival or resurgence too often imply that renewed attention to religious learning and the mediation of spiritual exemplars marks a new beginning, but it is a new beginning with limited horizons; at best it can imitate—it can never equal—the glory of past historical epochs.1 Hope, in this view, is limited, for while every movement must coalesce around a set of symbols and leaders, it remains reactive, a diminished response to outside, often colonial, forces. Success, too, is limited, for it depends on institution building and networking, yet rivals limit their long-range potential.

Keywords

Meditative Practice Meditative Technique Religious Learning Musical Style Colonial Successor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 2.
    Barbara Metcalf, Islamic Revival in British India: Deoband, 1860–1900 (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  4. 5.
    For an able presentation of Simnani’s mystical psychology, see Jamal Elias, The Throne Carrier of God: The Life and Thought of ‘Ala ad-dawla as-Simnani (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1995), pp. 81–91.Google Scholar
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    Regula Qureshi, “‘Muslim Devotional’: Popular Religious Music and Muslim Identity under British, Indian and Pakistani Hegemony,” Asian Music 24 (1992–3), pp. 111–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Carl Ernst, Shambhala Guide to Sufism (Boston: Shambhala Publications, 1997), pp. 225–26.Google Scholar
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    For a thorough bibliography on publications relating to Hazrat Inayat Khan, see Michael Köszegi, “The Sufi Order in the West: Sufism’s Encounter with the New Age,” in Islam in North America: A Sourcebook, ed. Michael A. Köszegi and J. Gordon Melton (New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1992), pp. 211–22, 237–40.Google Scholar
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    David Hollinger, Post-Ethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism (New York: Basic Books, 1995), p. 7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Carl W. Ernst and Bruce B. Lawrence 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl W. Ernst
  • Bruce B. Lawrence

There are no affiliations available

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