The Chishti Masters

  • Carl W. Ernst
  • Bruce B. Lawrence


The first Chishti shaykhs to establish their order in Hindustan (northern India) made a decisive shift from their Central Asian bearings, despite the continued appeal of that tradition for future generations. What are the primary characteristics of those early masters? Why did they become emblematic models for later generations? These are the questions that will concern us in the present chapter.


Spiritual State Daily Prayer Biographical Account Spiritual Discipline Anic Verse 
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© Carl W. Ernst and Bruce B. Lawrence 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carl W. Ernst
  • Bruce B. Lawrence

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