At the beginning of the 1990s, reproductive Rights in France were regulated by several laws, some of them longstanding. The first law, called the Neuwirth law after the parliamentary member who prepared it, dates from 1967. This law legalized so-called modern contraception and permitted access, at last, to the diaphragm, the pill, and the intra-uterine device (IUD). Other laws concerned abortion. The Veil law was established on January 17 1975, and allowed abortions to be performed by the medical profession during the first six weeks of pregnancy, but it required parental consent for minors, and residency in France for at least three months prior to such services for foreigners. This law, which weathered a particularly stormy debate, was given only a five-year period of validity;1 in 1979, it was voted in again. In 1982, a new law established that abortions would be reimbursed by the state health-care system.
KeywordsArtificial Insemination Assisted Reproduction Unwanted Pregnancy School Nurse Emergency Contraception
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- 1.For more on the debates on reproductive Rights, see Janine Mossuz-Lavau, Les his de l’amour, Les politiques de la sexualité en France (1950–1990) (Paris: Payot, 1991).Google Scholar
- 3.For further discussion, cf. Dominque Mehl, Naitre? La controverse bioéthique (Paris: Bayard Editions, 1999).Google Scholar