Advertisement

Evaluating the Argument and the Future of Revisionism

  • Jason W. Davidson

Abstract

The most important question, having come this far, is whether the case studies presented in previous chapters fit with the propositions outlined earlier in the book. Due to the number and detail of the cases, a general confrontation between all of the case studies and propositions seems appropriate (for a visual scorecard see figures 2.1 and 2.2). In the first section of this chapter, I examine all five theoretical propositions against the six case studies, making the case that the theoretical explanation holds up well when confronted with the cases. If the reader is convinced by the fit between the historical case studies and the argument, she may still have an important question: do revisionists still exist or is revisionism a thing of the past, like dueling or great power war? One way to address the contemporary relevance question is to apply the book’s argument to a contemporary rising power, such as China. In the second section of the chapter, I explore the likelihood that China, a rapidly rising power, will become revisionist. In the final section of the chapter, I discuss the future of revisionism more broadly. I argue that revisionism will continue to exist as long as the factors that cause it continue to feature in international politics.

Keywords

Security Concern American Foreign Policy Domestic Group Territorial Expansion Spratly Island 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 9.
    See Suisheng Zhao, “Taiwan: From Peaceful Offense to Coercive Strategy,” in Yong Deng and Fei-Ling Wang, eds., In the Eyes of the Dragon: China Views the World (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 1999), 212.Google Scholar
  2. See also Michael D. Swaine, “Chinese Decision-Making Regarding Taiwan, 1979–2000,” in David M. Lampton, ed., The Making of Chinese Foreign and Security Policy in the Era of Reform (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001), 310–11.Google Scholar
  3. 15.
    For a thorough discussion of China’s expansion in the South China Sea see John W. Garver, “China’s Push through the South China Sea: The Interaction of Bureaucratic and National Interests,” The China Quarterly no. 132 (December 1992): 999–1028.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 18.
    Joseph Fewsmith, “Elite Politics,” in Merle Goldman and Roderick MacFarquhar, eds., The Paradox of China’s Post-Mao Reforms (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999), 51.Google Scholar
  5. See also Kenneth Lieberthal, Governing China: From Revolution through Reform (New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1995), 187.Google Scholar
  6. 22.
    James C. F. Wang, Contemporary Chinese Politics: An Introduction, 7th ed. (Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2002), 79.Google Scholar
  7. 24.
    Wang, Contemporary Chinese Politics, 52. See also Andrew J. Nathan and Bruce Gilley, China’s New Rulers: The Secret Files, 2nd rev. ed. (New York: New York Review Books, 2003), 200.Google Scholar
  8. 33.
    Robert S. Ross, “Engagement in US China Policy,” in Alastair Ian Johnston and Robert S. Ross, eds., Engaging China: The Management of an Emerging Power (London: Routledge, 1999), 191.Google Scholar
  9. 64.
    Michael D. Swaine, “Trouble in Taiwan,” Foreign Affairs 83, no. 2 (March/April 2004): 41. See also Shambaugh, Modernizing, 285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 66.
    Joseph Kahn, “Election Fallout: Mounting Tension,” The New York Times (March 22, 2004).Google Scholar
  11. 72.
    Wu Xinbo, “The Promise and Limitations of a Sino-U.S. Partnership,” The Washington Quarterly 27, no. 4 (Autumn 2004): 121–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 75.
    Aaron L. Friedberg, “The Struggle for Mastery in Asia,” Commentary (November 2000): 21. See also Christensen, “China,” 59.Google Scholar
  13. 82.
    Michael O’Hanlon, “Why China Cannot Conquer Taiwan,” International Security 25, no. 2 (Fall 2000): 57–62.Google Scholar
  14. 86.
    Thomas J. Christensen, “Posing Problems without Catching Up: China’s Rise and Challenges for U.S. Security Policy,” International Security 25, 4 (Spring 2001): 26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 95.
    See Steven Mufson, “U.S. Taiwan Policy Hits New Level of Ambiguity; Bush’s Words Please Some, Leave Others Confused,” The Washington Post (April 27, 2001).Google Scholar
  16. 107.
    See John Mueller, Retreat from Doomsday: The Obsolescence of Major War (New York: Basic Books, 1989).Google Scholar
  17. See also Mark W. Zacher, “The Territorial Integrity Norm: International Boundaries and the Use of Force,” International Organization 55, no. 2 (Spring 2001): 215–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 108.
    For related arguments, see Kenneth N. Waltz, “The Emerging Structure of International Politics,” International Security 18, no. 2 (Fall 1993): 44–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 109.
    The most definitive statement is White House, National Security Strategy of the United States of America, Released September 2002, http://www.whitehouse.gov/nsc/nss.html on March 6, 2004. See also Ivo H. Daalder and James M. Lindsay, America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy (Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press, 2003).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Jason W. Davidson 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jason W. Davidson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations