Colombia’s Indigenous Peoples Confront the Armed Conflict

  • Jean E. Jackson


In the last third of the twentieth century, Colombia’s indigenous peoples emerged as a political force in the national arena. This chapter discusses the indigenous movement’s surprising degree of clout—surprising because only 2 percent of the nation’s citizens are indigenous—and the ways the current crisis is affecting them. Following an overview of the country’s indigenous communities (pueblos 1 ) and a brief history of indigenous mobilizing, I examine indigenous participation during the National Constituent Assembly (Asamblea Nacional Constituyente, henceforth ANC) and the crafting of the 1991 Constitution. The constitution’s successes and failures are then taken up, focusing on indigenous matters, followed by a discussion of the situation of the country’s indigenous pueblos, focusing on the intractable and intensifying problems the country is currently facing. The chapter ends with some comments on the role of U.S. policy.


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Copyright information

© Cristina Rojas and Judy Meltzer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean E. Jackson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA

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