By the year 2000, the UK’s housing stock had risen from a mere 6.8 million in 1900 to over 24.8 million dwellings. Virtually all the Dickensian slums had been cleared in two waves of slum clearance (in the late 1930s and between the mid-1950s and 1960s). The massive growth in the housing stock was largely a consequence of the rise in household numbers and was produced by a combination of rising real incomes — for higher-income groups could buy their new space — and for those unable to afford market access, of council housing, in its heyday as desirable as any other form of provision for a wide variety of social groups, as we saw in Chapter 3. Together, home ownership and council housing brought a separate ‘decent home’, the frequently cited objective of twentieth-century housing policy, within reach of the overwhelming majority of the population, by about the end of the 1960s.
KeywordsHouse Price Housing Market Social Housing Housing Policy Housing Stock
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bramley, G. (1998) ‘Housing surpluses and housing need’, in S. Lowe, S. Spences and P. Neenan (eds), Housing Abandonment in Britain: Studies in the Causes and Effects of Low Demand Housing, York, Centre for Housing Policy, Conference papers.Google Scholar
- Bramley, G., Pawson, H., Satsangi, M. and Third, H. (1998) Local Housing Needs Assessment: A Review of Current Practice and the Need for Guidance, London, DETR.Google Scholar
- Holmans, A. (1995) Housing Demand and Need 1991–2011, York, Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Google Scholar
- Holmans A.E., Morrison, N. and Whitehead, C. (1998) How Many Houses Will We Need? The Need for Affordable Housing in England, London, Shelter.Google Scholar