The Yum: An Indigenous Model for Sustainable Development
In the early 1990s, Bogso, a village of approximately 2500 inhabitants, located in the southern part of Cameroon, in Central Africa, was in the midst of a protracted social and economic crisis. In the face of pervasive food shortages, the Bogso peasant women, whose primary economic activity is subsistence hoe agriculture, resorted to the traditional philosophy of Tum, a system whereby community members do agricultural work collectively on plots of land belonging to individual members of the group. To carry forward their plan, these women, under the leadership of Teclaire Ntomp, a retired teacher, organized the Group of Common Initiative of Bogso Women Farmers (GICBAP, a French acronym), to increase the cultivation and production of cassava1 in their village.
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