The Military Balance of Power Between Greece and Turkey: Tactical and Strategic Objectives
During the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the expected demise of the Ottoman Empire and concern over the subsequent political vacuum in the region was the driving force behind the policies of the Great Powers towards the Middle East. In historical terms the ‘Eastern Question’ of the nineteenth century has undergone a metamorphosis from European imperialism into a geopolitical dynamic characterized by Islamic fundamentalism which is transforming the Middle East and Central Asia into potential areas of instability and upheaval. Within this context, the Eastern Mediterranean represents a serious challenge to Western security in the region. Strategically, the Eastern Mediterranean can be a base of Western influence and trade to these regions, or it can serve as a catalyst for further destabilization and regional conflict. In this respect the future course of Greek-Turkish relations is a critical factor to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) expansion and containment of fundamentalist Islam.
KeywordsEurope Syria Flare Turkey Defend
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- 1.M. Stearns, Entangled Allies: U.S. Policy Toward Greece, Turkey and Cyprus (New York: Council of Foreign Relations Press, 1992), 21–2 and passim, clearly demonstrates in his study that American policy toward Greece, Turkey, and Cyprus was and is primarily motivated by security and defense considerations.Google Scholar
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