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Oceans Governance and Human Security Towards the End of the Century: Regional Approaches

  • Glen J. Herbert
  • Timothy M. Shaw
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

Over the centuries the sea has been used for the passage of goods and people, defense or invasion, and the exploitation of resources in or under it. The history of civilization has been inextricably linked to the sea in terms of geography, development, economy and trade, conflict and security, and culture and way of life. Ironically, it is only in relatively recent years that the integral linkages between the world’s oceans, the global environment and life support systems, and the quality of human life have become recognized and even vaguely understood. This has come out of necessity — our oceans and coastal environments are severely threatened worldwide.

Keywords

United Nations International Maritime Organization Methane Hydrate North Atlantic Treaty Organization Maritime Security 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    The largest number of fisheries — 44 per cent — are classified as heavily to fully exploited, with 25 per cent having been fished beyond sustainable limits. See UN Food and Agriculture Organization, State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (Rome: FAO, 1995).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    This is associated with the concept of ‘humane governance’. See Richard Falk, On Humane Governance: Toward a New Global Politics (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
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    Elisabeth Mann Borgese, Sustainable Development in the Oceans: Focus Report for Rio+5 (Halifax: International Ocean Institute, 1997).Google Scholar
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    See, for example, Elisabeth Mann Borgese, ed., Peace in the Oceans: Ocean Governance and the Agenda for Peace, The Proceedings of Pacem in Maribus XXIII, Costa Rica, 3–7 December 1995, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission technical series 47 (Paris: UNESCO, 1997);Google Scholar
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  12. 22.
    These are often referred to as ‘small s’ security issues, as they fall in the area of constabulary or coastguard operations rather than more traditional naval military operations. See, for example, Sam Bateman and Dick Sherwood, eds, Oceans Management Policy: The Strategic Dimension, Wollongong Papers on Maritime Policy No. 1 (Wollongong: University of Wollongong, 1994).Google Scholar
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    Tozun Bahcheli et al., Greek-Turkish Relations and US Foreign Policy: Cyprus, the Aegean, and Regional Stability (Washington: United States Institute of Peace, 1997).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glen J. Herbert
  • Timothy M. Shaw

There are no affiliations available

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