Scanty Resources: Water Problems in Greece
In the Middle East and worldwide, access to fresh water has become an increasingly acute problem. The economic, social, cultural, and political consequences of this problem exacerbate existing conflicts and generate new ones. Rising living standards and industrialization (paper production, for example) require additional water resources, as do population growth and migration; waves of refugees require irrigation, food production, and provision of services, of which the most important is water. A tourist entering an Athens hotel encounters an urgent request that leaves no room for misinterpretation: E Ellada den echi nero (‘Greece has no water!’). But Greece is not alone in facing this problem; the water crisis is global, water conflicts are commonplace, pollution of water sources is a problem no longer confined exclusively to the industrialized countries; and population growth is a key factor in the sharp drop in the overall amount of water presently available to each consumer.