Sex, Ghosts, and Dreams: Walter Map (1135?–1210?) and Gerald of Wales (1146–1223)

  • Tony Davenport
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)


Christopher Brooke called Walter Map “a kind of thermometer of thetemperature of [his] age,” 1 and Gerald de Barri, too, has been seen asone of the “pioneers of medieval historical writing,” 2 and as some kind of mirror of his time:

The entire corpus of his writings is perhaps the best literary measure we have of the scope of the century’s learning and interests.3


Golden Ball Contemporary History Medieval Literature Medieval Study Courtly Love 
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  1. 1.
    Christopher Brooke, The Twelfth-Century Renaissance (London: Thames & Hudson, 1969), p. 172.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. E. Butler, Introduction to The Autobiography of Giraldus Catnbrensis (London: Cape, 1937), p. 10; this is a translation mainly of passages from De Rebus a se Gestis (written post 1208) and De lure et Statu Menevensis Ecclesie (written ca. 1218) with interpolated extracts from other works.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    A. K. Bate, “Walter Map and Giraldus Cambrensis,” Latomus 31 (1972): 860–75.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Antonia Gransden, Historical Writing in England c.550 to c.1307 (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1974), pp. 242–46.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    See Helene Newstead, “Some Observations on King Herla and the Herlething,” in Medieval Literature and Folklore Studies: Essays in Honor of Francis Lee Utley, ed. Jerome Mandel and Bruce A. Rosenberg (New Brunswick, N.J., Rutgers University Press, 1970), pp. 105–10.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    See L. Harff and Marie-Noë lle Polino, “Le gouffre de Satalie: survivances mé dié vales du mythe de Mé duse,” Moyen Age 94 (1988): 73–101.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    Robert Levine, “How to read Walter Map,” Mittellateinisches Jahrbuch 23 (1991): 91–105.Google Scholar
  8. 12.
    G. T. Shepherd, “The Emancipation of Story in the Twelfth Century,” first published in Medieval Narrative: A Symposium, ed. by Hans Bekker-Nielsen et al. (Odense: Odense University Press, 1979), 44–57, at 53; repr. in Geoffrey Shepherd, Poets and Prophets: Essays on Medieval Studies, ed. T. A. Shippey and John Pickles (Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 1990), pp. 84–97.Google Scholar
  9. 21.
    David Rollo, Historical Fabrication, Ethnic Fable and French Romance in Twelfth-Century England, Edward C. Armstrong Monographs on Medieval Literature 9 (Lexington, Ky.: French Forum, 1998), p. 251.Google Scholar
  10. 26.
    Giraldus Cambrensis, Speculum Duorum, or A Mirror of Two Men, edited by Yves Lefèvre and R. B. C. Huygens, with an English translation by Brian Dawson, Board of Celtic Studies, University of Wales. History and Law Series 27 (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1974).Google Scholar
  11. 31.
    Robert Bartlett, “Rewriting Saints’ Lives: The Case of Gerald of Wales,” Speculum 58 (1983): 598–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Ruth Kennedy and Simon Meecham-Jones 2006

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  • Tony Davenport

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