E. H. Carr pp 258-279 | Cite as

Reason and Romance: the Place of Revolution in the Works of E.H. Carr

  • Fred Halliday


There could be no concept more central to the extended oeuvre of Carr than that of revolution. In a half-century of intellectual output Carr produced works of three broad kinds: in the early 1930s a set of four biographical studies — Dostoevsky, Karl Marx, Michael Bakunin and the Romantic Exiles — in the years after the Second World War a 14-volume study of the outcome of the Bolshevik Revolution spanning the years 1917 to 1932, accompanied by essays on the same theme, and, in the intervening decade a set of broad studies, historic and analytic, of international relations, among them The Twenty Years’ Crisis, International Relations Between the Wars, Nationalism and After and The Soviet Impact on the Western World. His most famous work What is History?, though published in 1961, can be taken as part of the second period.


Foreign Policy International Relation World History Soviet State Russian Revolution 


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  1. 1.
    E.H. Carr, What is History? (London: Penguin, 1961), p. 42.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E.H. Carr, International Relations Between the Two World Wars 1919–1939 (London: Macmillan, 1947), chapter 10 The Nazi Revolution’.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    E.H. Carr, The Bolshevik Revolution 1917–1923 (Harmondsworth: Pelican, 1966), Vol. 1, p. 5.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    I. Deutscher, Marxism, Wars and Revolutions (London: Verso, 1989), chapter 4, ‘Two Revolutions’.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    E.H. Carr, Karl Marx. A Study in Fanaticism (London: J.M. Dent, 1934), p. 81.Google Scholar
  6. 10.
    E.H. Carr, Nationalism and After (London: Macmillan, 1945) pp.17–26.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    J. Rosenberg, The Empire of Civil Society (London: Verso, 1994)Google Scholar
  8. Immanuel Wallerstein, Historical Capitalism (London: Verso, 1983).Google Scholar
  9. 20.
    E.H. Carr The Romantic Exiles (London, Serif, 1998) p. 25.Google Scholar
  10. 34.
    E.H. Carr, Michael Bakunin (New York: Octagon Books, 1975) chapter 25, ‘The League of Peace and Freedom’; chapter 26, The Birth of the Alliance’.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 36.
    Jane Degras, ed. The Communist International 1919–1943 Documents, Vol. 1, 1919–1922 (London: Frank Cass, 1971), p. 33.Google Scholar
  12. 38.
    The classic study is Arno Mayer, Politics and Diplomacy of Peace-making: Containment and Counter-revolution at Versailles (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1968).Google Scholar
  13. 43.
    E.H. Carr, Foundations of Planned Economy 2 1926–1929 (Harmondsworth: Pelican, 1976), p. v.Google Scholar
  14. 44.
    E.H. Carr, ‘The Russian Revolution and the West’ New Left Review, No. 111, September–October 1978, pp. 25–6.Google Scholar
  15. 48.
    G. Kennan, ‘The Sources of Soviet Conduct’ in American Diplomacy 1900–1950 (New York, Mentor Book 1951) pp. 89–105.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fred Halliday

There are no affiliations available

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