Technology and Industrialization, 1890s–1940s

  • Marshall C. Eakin


Politicians, technocrats, and entrepreneurs pursued a very small number of technological paths to create key industries during the past century, paths that determined the nature of industrialization in Belo Horizonte and Minas Gerais. A good deal has been written about the aggregate features of this industrialization, and the politics and policies that shaped the process. Very little work has been done to disaggregate the characteristics of this industrialization within industries or to examine the process at the firm level.1 This chapter turns from the earlier overview of Belo Horizontes growth, a profile of the political and business elites, and the webs of power they created, to analyze the specific technological parameters that politicians, technocrats, and entrepreneurs faced in different industries and firms in the drive to industrialize Belo Horizonte and Minas Gerais.


Cotton Textile Textile Industry Steel Industry Foreign Capital Hydroelectric Plant 
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© Marshall C. Eakin 2001

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