Technology and Industrialization, 1890s–1940s

  • Marshall C. Eakin

Abstract

Politicians, technocrats, and entrepreneurs pursued a very small number of technological paths to create key industries during the past century, paths that determined the nature of industrialization in Belo Horizonte and Minas Gerais. A good deal has been written about the aggregate features of this industrialization, and the politics and policies that shaped the process. Very little work has been done to disaggregate the characteristics of this industrialization within industries or to examine the process at the firm level.1 This chapter turns from the earlier overview of Belo Horizontes growth, a profile of the political and business elites, and the webs of power they created, to analyze the specific technological parameters that politicians, technocrats, and entrepreneurs faced in different industries and firms in the drive to industrialize Belo Horizonte and Minas Gerais.

Keywords

Depression Europe Steam Transportation Sulfuric Acid 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    See, for example, Clélio Campolina Diniz, Estado e capital estrangeira na industrialização mineira (Belo Horizonte: UFMG/PROED, 1981); Domingos Antônio Giroletti, “A modernização capitalista em Minas Gerais—a formação do operariado industrial e de uma nova cosmovisão,” Ph.D. diss., Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 1987; João Heraldo Lima, Café e indústria em Minas Gerais, 1870–1920 (Petrópolis: Vozes, 1981); and, Banco de Desenvolvimento de Minas Gerais, Diagnóstico da economica mineira, 6 v. (Belo Horizonte: BDMG, 1968). A recent work that does provide a look at firms and their technological choices for the nineteenth century is Sérgio de Oliveira Birchal, Entrepreneurship in Nineteenth-Century Brazil: The Formation of a Business Environment (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999).Google Scholar
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    See, for example, Dermeval José Pimenta, A Vale do Rio Doce e sua história (Belo Horizonte: Vega, 1981); and, Silvia Raw, “The Making of a State-Owned Conglomerate: A Brazilian Case Study,” Working Paper #97, August 1987, The Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies, University of Notre Dame.Google Scholar
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© Marshall C. Eakin 2001

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