Advertisement

Striking First pp 175-189 | Cite as

Transatlantic Relations at the Turn of the 21st Century

  • Donald J. Puchala

Abstract

Dramatic world events between September 11, 2001 and March 2003 set relations between the United States and its European allies on an historic roller coaster. The September 11 terrorist attacks called forth an immediate and sincere outpouring of sympathy from Europe, and strong commitments of unity and mutual assistance from their governments. NATO members were quick to confirm that an attack against one was an attack against all. When the United States chose to retaliate against the Al Qaida network by destroying terrorist training facilities in Afghanistan and unseating the Taliban regime, Europeans recoiled somewhat at the swiftness of U.S. military retaliation, but still largely approved. Their governments materially assisted. They assisted too in the U.S.-declared war on terrorism by sharing intelligence, disrupting Al Qaida activities in Europe and cutting off funds flowing to terrorist groups. In September 2002, Washington’s endorsement of the doctrine of preemptive and preventive military force, contained in the Bush administration’s 2002 National Security Strategy of the United States, raised some serious misgivings in European quarters. Yet the NATO summit in Prague in November 2002 yielded an impressive show of transatlantic unity built around a refashioning and retooling of an expanded Western alliance to face threats in the post-Cold War world.

Keywords

European Union Foreign Policy International Relation North Atlantic Treaty Organization International Herald Tribune 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Charles A. Kupchan, “The Atlantic Alliance Lies in the Rubble,” The Financial Times, April 10, 2003, 13.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    Henry A. Kissinger, “Repairing the Atlantic Alliance,” The Washington Post, April 14, 2003, A21.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    George W Bush and Jacques Chirac, “President Bush Meets With French President Chirac,” Paris, May 26, 2002, <http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2002/05/20020526-2.html>
  4. 9.
    Quoted in Charles A. Kupchan, The End of the American Era: U.S. Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-first Century (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002), 151.Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    Quoted in John Vinocur, “German Official Says Europe Must be U.S. Friend, Not Rival,” International Herald Tribune, July 18, 2003, A5.Google Scholar
  6. 13.
    Quoted in John Vinocur, “After the Iraq War, A New Balancing in U.S.-European Relations,” International Herald Tribune, May 13, 2003, A5.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    William Pfaff, “U.S. Message: ‘Who Needs Allies?’” Boston Globe, April 26, 2003, Ell.Google Scholar
  8. 26.
    Robert Gilpin, War and Change in World Politics (London and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981), 186–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 27.
    Zbigniew Brzezinski, The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and its Geostrategic Imperatives (New York: Basic Books, 1997), 57–86.Google Scholar
  10. 29.
    Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996), 301–317.Google Scholar
  11. 30.
    Timothy Garton Ash, “How the West Can Be One,” The New York Times, April 27, 2003, sec.6, magazine desk, p.13.Google Scholar
  12. 31.
    Quoted in Antony J. Blinken, “The False Crisis Over the Atlantic,” Foreign Affairs, 80, no. 3 (May/June 2001): 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 35.
    Donald J. Puchala, “Building Peace in Pieces: The Promise of European Unity,” in The Global Agenda: Issues and Perspectives, eds., Charles W. Kegley and Eugene R. Wittkopf (New York: McGraw-Hill, Sixth Edition 2001), 2001, 158–172.Google Scholar
  14. 36.
    Alexander Wendt, “Anarchy is What States Make of it: The Social Construction of Power Politics,” International Organization, 46, no. 2 (1992): 383–425.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 38.
    Raymond Aron, Peace and War: A Theory of International Relations (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1996), 98, see also p.72 .Google Scholar
  16. 40.
    William Pfaff, “Seeing Mortal Danger in a Superpower Europe,” International Herald Tribune, July 3, 2003, 1.Google Scholar
  17. 41.
    William Pfaff, “Europe Will Follow France,” International Herald Tribune, May 22, 2003, 1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Betty Glad and Chris J. Dolan 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald J. Puchala

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations