Striking First pp 149-165 | Cite as

American Public Opinion on Foreign Policy, Pre- and Post-September 11

  • Ole R. Holsti

Abstract

In 1995, four years after the disintegration of the USSR, Arthur Schlesinger —historian, former presidential adviser and once a vocal critic of the Vietnam War—wrote that the age of American internationalism was coming to an end. His essay described declining support for internationalism across the entire spectrum of American society, from the “housewife in Xenia, Ohio,” to members of the Council on Foreign Relations, and to many officials in Washington. But Schlesinger was writing at about the midpoint between demolition of the symbol of the Cold War—the Berlin Wall—and the terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001, and eight years prior to the war against Iraq. Have the September 11 attacks and the regime change in Iraq “changed everything” or will they prove to be less than defining moments for the new millennium?

Keywords

Europe Turkey Defend Dick Colombia 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Michael Mandelbaum, “Foreign Policy as Social Work,” Foreign Affairs, 75 (January-February 1996): 16–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 3.
    Michael Byers, “Preemptive Self-Defense: Hegemony, Equality, and Strategies of Legal Change,” Journal of’Political Philosophy, 11 (June 2003).Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Gary Dorrien, “Axis of One,” Christian Century, 120 (March 8, 2003): 30–35.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    For details on and response to the World Trade Organization see Elizabeth Becker, “WTO Rules Against U.S. on Steel Tariff,” New York Times, March 27, 2003.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    Steven Kull and IM Destler, Misreading the Public: The Myth of a New Isolationism (Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999).Google Scholar
  6. 13.
    Jill Darling Richardson, “Poll Analysis: Americans Support Military Action, Think Attack Plans Should Have Been Exposed,” Los Angeles Times, September 16, 2001, 6.Google Scholar
  7. 29.
    John Zaller, “Floating Voters in U.S. Presidential Elections, 1948–2000,” in Paul Sniderman and Willem Saris, eds. The Issue of Belief: Essay in the Intersection of Non-Attitudes and Attitude Change (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 2003).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Betty Glad and Chris J. Dolan 2004

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  • Ole R. Holsti

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