“Weapons to Probe the Womb”

The Material Culture of Abortion and Contraception in the Early Byzantine Period


The material culture of nonprocreative sex also has its history, and this essay will attempt to trace what survives from women’s attempts to avoid or terminate pregnancy in the late antique and early Byzantine period. Both texts and objects testify to the grim reality of the choices that women then faced.


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© Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnación 2002

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