From Self-Sufficiency to Commerce: Structural and Artifactual Evidence for Textile Manufacture in Eastern England in the Pre-Conquest Period

  • Nina Crummy
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)


The basic needs of homo sapiens are food, water, and shelter, and in some climates shelter means not just a dry cave or hut, but portable shelter—clothes. It is no surprise, therefore, that artifacts used during the various clothmaking processes are found on archaeological sites from the Neolithic period onward. For the most part, but varying from period to period, these artifacts take the form of loom weights, spindles and their whorls, weaving tablets, tools such as weft-beaters and swords, shears and wool-combs. The recovery of the textiles themselves is much less common, depending as it does on particular conditions of deposition.


Textile Production Archaeological Record Textile Manufacture Eleventh Century Suffolk County 
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© Désirée G. Koslin and Janet E. Snyder 2002

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  • Nina Crummy

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