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Various and Sundry Images of Hong Xiuquan

  • Masuda Wataru

Abstract

On the matter of Ōshio’s alleged meeting with Zhou Yunshan (later, Feng Yunshan) in Nagasaki and their trip together to China, Ishizaki Tōgoku notes: The problem here is the identity of Mr. Zhou, said to be a Chinese merchant, with whom Ōshio and his son embarked on their journey. In the various works we have examined, I recall a work by Ōkura Nagatsune, entitled Kiyō ki [Account of Nagasaki], which mentions this.’ It is not clear what work this Kiyō ki refers to. I, for one, have never heard of such a work by ōkura, and after a brief examination of his writings, no work by this title comes to the fore. Nonetheless, Ishizaki quotes from it as follows:

Recently, a talented young Cantonese by the name of Zhou Yunshan came to Nagasaki. He is well-versed in both Dutch medical science and studies of the Yi jing (Classic of Changes). I gained considerably through a meeting with him, and if he were to wish to remain permanently on Japanese soil, I would make such a recommendation to the feudal lords. Last year Yunshan formed something called the Triads. He was arrested while spreading his [religious] message locally [in China] and by dressing up as a merchant escaped certain death. He now says that he has collected his books to take long-term refuge in Japan.

Keywords

Qing Dynasty Religious Leader Feudal Lord Civil Service Examination Chinese Merchant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 4.
    Hamberg: (Hong Kong: China Mail, 1854); also published serially in the North China Herald. The Chinese translation by Jian Youwen appears in Jian, Taiping tianguo zaji diyiji (Various Accounts of the Taipings, First Collection) (Shanghai: Commercial Press, 1935).Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    See Tao Chengzhang, ‘Jiaohui yuanliu kao’ (A Study of the Origins of [Triad] Religious Society), in Luo Ergang, ed., Tiandihui wenxian lu (Studies of Documents on the Triads) (Hong Kong: Shiyong shuju, 1942); (Shanghai: Zhengzhong shuju, 1943).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Joshua A. Fogel 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masuda Wataru

There are no affiliations available

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