Recently, a talented young Cantonese by the name of Zhou Yunshan came to Nagasaki. He is well-versed in both Dutch medical science and studies of the Yi jing (Classic of Changes). I gained considerably through a meeting with him, and if he were to wish to remain permanently on Japanese soil, I would make such a recommendation to the feudal lords. Last year Yunshan formed something called the Triads. He was arrested while spreading his [religious] message locally [in China] and by dressing up as a merchant escaped certain death. He now says that he has collected his books to take long-term refuge in Japan.
KeywordsQing Dynasty Religious Leader Feudal Lord Civil Service Examination Chinese Merchant
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- 4.Hamberg: (Hong Kong: China Mail, 1854); also published serially in the North China Herald. The Chinese translation by Jian Youwen appears in Jian, Taiping tianguo zaji diyiji (Various Accounts of the Taipings, First Collection) (Shanghai: Commercial Press, 1935).Google Scholar
- 7.See Tao Chengzhang, ‘Jiaohui yuanliu kao’ (A Study of the Origins of [Triad] Religious Society), in Luo Ergang, ed., Tiandihui wenxian lu (Studies of Documents on the Triads) (Hong Kong: Shiyong shuju, 1942); (Shanghai: Zhengzhong shuju, 1943).Google Scholar