Strategies, Operations, Tactics in Low-Intensity Conflict

  • Robert E. Harkavy
  • Stephanie G. Neuman


As previously indicated, recent years have seen a great increase in the importance of internal wars or—viewed from a different angle—low-intensity conflicts, some of which have had interstate dimensions. As pointed out in a recent article by Steven David, internal wars have made up over 80 percent of the wars and casualties since the end of World War II, and that preponderance has become even more marked since the end of the Cold War (between 1989 and 1996 only five of ninety-six armed conflicts were between states, in 1993 and 1994 there were no interstate conflicts, and in 1995 there was just the brief border skirmish between Ecuador and Peru).1 As David further states, “those interested in contemporary warfare are left little choice but to focus on internal war.”2


Khmer Rouge Incumbent Regime Guerilla Warfare Kosovo Liberation Army Enemy Force 
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© Robert E. Harkavy and Stephanie G. Neuman 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert E. Harkavy
  • Stephanie G. Neuman

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