By the time the September 11, 2001, attacks against the Pentagon and the World Trade Center focused global attention on the terrorist threat, the George W. Bush administration was already developing a series of initiatives to transform Cold War nuclear force structure and policy to meet a changing security environment. Responding to a congressional requirement contained in the FY2001 National Defense Authorization Act, the Bush administration issued a comprehensive review of U.S. nuclear forces on January 8, 2002.l This Nuclear Posture Review (NPR) remains classified, but officials have described it as calling for a fundamental change in U.S. nuclear weapons policy and a departure from the traditional U.S. approach to deterrence. The NPR calls for the U.S. nuclear deterrent to transform slowly into a more broad-based strategic deterrent that now includes nuclear weapons, conventional precision-strike forces, and missile defenses. The NPR is not current doctrine; it is a roadmap for change.
KeywordsNuclear Weapon Nuclear Force Bush Administration Central Intelligence Agency North Atlantic Treaty Organization
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