Settling an Ethnic Conflict Through Power-Sharing

South Tyrol
  • Stefan Wolff

Abstract

Italy is home to fourteen linguistic minorities, whose speakers make up seven per cent of the total population. Several of these languages are spoken by autochthonous minorities, others were absorbed from neighbouring European language areas. The Italian constitution and simple legislation protect linguistic minorities, and a number of them have been granted special rights through regional and provincial autonomy regulations giving them the status of official languages alongside Italian in these areas. Although Italy, according to the constitution, formally became a decentralised state after 1945, it took consecutive Italian governments until the late 1970s to pass and implement appropriate legislation to establish the regions and provinces and their respective assemblies. Five of the nineteen regions, which host ethno-linguistic minorities or have special geographic conditions (Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Val d’Aosta, South Tyrol, Sardinia and Sicily), have been granted special autonomy status with wider legislative and administrative powers. Recent constitutional reforms have further increased the powers and autonomy of Italian regions.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alcock, Antony E. 1970. The History of the South Tyrol Question, London: Michael Joseph.Google Scholar
  2. Avanzini, Celestina and Giorgio Mezzalira. 1987. ‘Versuch einer psychoanalytischen Interpretation des Verhaltens der Italienischen Sprachgruppe’ in Rudolf Benedikter et al., eds, 1987, Nationalismus und Neofaschismus in Südtirol, Vienna: Braumüller, 373–401.Google Scholar
  3. Benedikter, Rudolf et al. 1987. ‘Zusammenfassung’ in Rudolf Benedikter et al., eds, 1987, Nationalismus und Neofaschismus in Südtirol, Vienna: Braumüller, 401–35.Google Scholar
  4. Cole, John and Eric R. Wolf. 1974. The Hidden Frontier, New York and London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  5. Egen, Alexander. 1997. Die Südtirolfrage vor den Vereinten Nationen, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  6. Lijphart, Arend. 1977. Democracy in Plural Societies, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Peterlini, Oskar. 1997. Autonomie und Minderheitenschutz in Trentino-Südtirol, Vienna: Braumüller.Google Scholar
  8. Stadlmayer, Victoria. 1965. ‘Die Südtirolpolitik Österreichs seit Abschluß des Pariser Abkommen’, in Franz Huter, ed., Südtirol. Eine Frage des europäischen Gewissens, Vienna: Verlag für Geschichte und Politik, 474–536.Google Scholar
  9. Toscano, Mario. 1975. Alto Adige—South Tyrol, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Zeller, Karl. 1989. Das Problem der völkerrechtlichen Verankerung des Südtirolpakets und die Zuständigkeit des Internationalen Gerichtshofes, Vienna: Braumüller.Google Scholar
  11. Zeyer, Christoph. 1993. Der völkerrechtliche und europarechtliche Status von Südtirol, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Ulrich Schneckener and Stefan Wolff 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefan Wolff

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations