There are not only two fundamental views regarding the national problem and the national reality, as it is often claimed, but three: The first view, the view of the so-called non-Zionists, argues that Israel is less than a nation in the modern sense. The second view argues that Israel is identical with a nation. And the third argues that Israel is more than a nation; in other words, the national characteristics of the modern concept of a nation apply also to the reality of Israel but do not suffice. Israel is a unique creation [Gebilde] that includes all characteristics of a nation in the modern sense, without being defined by them; rather, it carries its own laws….
KeywordsSpiritual Leader Jewish Teaching Modern Sense National Reality Jewish Settlement
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