Jews and Independence Day, Women and Independence Day: Science Fiction Apocalypse Now Evokes Feminism and Nazism

  • Marleen Barr


Kai Erikson describes what he calls ‘a new species of trouble’: ‘Indeed, everything out there can seem unreliable and fearsome […] [T]he ground itself can no longer be relied on […] People feel that something noxious is closing in on them, drifting down from above, creeping up from underneath, edging in sideways, fouling the very air and insinuating itself in all the objects and spaces that make up their surroundings […] The point is not that a particular region is now spoiled but that the whole world has been revealed as a place of danger and numbing uncertainty.’1 The new species of trouble I will discuss applies to women in general and Germans in particular and results from paradigm shift, not the haphazard disasters Erikson describes (such as nuclear accidents and floods). I am concerned with women’s response to the aftermath of Betty Friedari s The Feminine Mystique and Germans’ response to the aftermath of Second-World-War-era Nazism Women and Germans face a new species of trouble: fallout emanating from changes in old, abhorrent rules. Sexism and Nazism, which were once socially acceptable, have become something noxious, able respectively to close in on women and Germans everywhere in the world.


Science Fiction Holocaust Survivor Woman Writer Ence Fiction Vanishing Point 
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marleen Barr

There are no affiliations available

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