Storm, Whirlwind and Earthquake: Apocalypse and the African-American Novel

  • A. Robert Lee


Frederick Douglass, whose oratory along with his landmark Narrative (1845) of slave life in and then escape from the plantations of Maryland made him one of the ascendant black voices of abolition, implies a Final Reckoning for the slaveholding America just having celebrated Independence Day 1852.5 Marcus Garvey, 1920s Harlem luminary and prime mover in the ‘Back To Africa’ nationalist movement as embodied in his Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), and then in the ill-fated Black Star Line by which he thought to take returnee blacks to Liberia and elsewhere in the ‘mother continent’, envisages worlds at binary racial opposites.


Full Black Black Metropolis African American Literature American Slave Harper Ferry 
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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Robert Lee

There are no affiliations available

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