Killing the Dream

  • Colin G. Calloway
Part of the The Bedford Series in History and Culture book series (BSHC)


Killing Sitting Bull did not stop trouble on the Sioux reservations; instead, it proved to be only a prelude to greater tragedy. Two weeks later, amid continuing tensions occasioned by the spread of the Ghost Dance religion, soldiers of the Seventh Cavalry slaughtered some two hundred Miniconjou people at Wounded Knee. The event marked the end of the armed conflict between Plains Indians and the United States Army and came to symbolize the end of a way of life.


Armed Conflict Sacred Tree Pine Ridge German Silver Lofty Ideal 
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  1. 1.
    John G. Neihardt, Black Elk Speaks: Being the Life Story of a Holy Man of the Oglala Sioux (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1988 ed.), 249.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    The classic study of the movement, conducted immediately after the Wounded Knee massacre, is James Mooney, “The Ghost-Dance Religion and the Sioux Outbreak of 1890,” 14th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1892–93, part 2 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Govt. Printing Office, 1896).Google Scholar
  3. See also Raymond J. DeMallie, “The Lakota Ghost Dance: An Ethnohistorical Account,” Pacific Historical Review 51 (1982), 385–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Short Bull’s quote is from James R. Walker, Lakota Belief and Ritual, ed. Raymond J. DeMallie and Elaine A. Jahner (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1980), 141.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    Evan M. Maurer, et al., Visions of the People: A Pictorial History of Plains Indian Life (Minneapolis: Institute of Arts, 1992), 168.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    See, for example, “Porcupine’s Account of the Messiah,” in Mooney, “The Ghost-Dance Religion,” 793–96; One Bull’s account in James McLaughlin, My Friend the Indian (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1910), 185–89.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Robert M. Utley, The Indian Frontier of the American West, 1846–1890 (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1984), 254.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Charles Eastman, From the Deep Woods to Civilization: Chapters in the Autobiography of an Indian (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1977 ed.), 110–14.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© BEDFORD BOOKS of St. Martin’s Press 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Colin G. Calloway
    • 1
  1. 1.Dartmouth CollegeUSA

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