Attending the White Man’s Schools
Indian children bore the brunt of the United States government’s campaign of cultural genocide. Many non-Indian reformers threw up their hands in despair at the cultural conservatism of Indian adults but believed that children could be changed, and thereby “saved.” Children represented the future and, in the eyes of American reformers and educators, the only hope for Indian people to adapt and survive into the twentieth century. Educating Indian children in the white man’s ways was nothing new — several colonial colleges had attempted it — but in the late nineteenth century, the United States launched a sustained campaign to rid Indian children of their tribal heritage and reeducate them in the skills and values they deemed necessary for life in modern America.
KeywordsIndian Child Short Hair Indian People United States Government Indian Student
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