The Slaughter of the Buffalo
In the Treaty of Medicine Lodge with the southern plains tribes in 1867 and the Treaty of Fort Laramie with the Sioux in 1868, the United States government guaranteed to the Indians the right to continue hunting on certain lands “so long as the buffalo may range thereon in such numbers as to justify the chase.”1 But even as the American peace commissioners offered the Indians assurances that they would be allowed to continue their buffalo-hunting way of life, the United States was poised to destroy that way of life by systematically slaughtering the buffalo herds.
KeywordsWhite People Indian People United States Government Buffalo Calf Indian Affair
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