Abstract

The imminent arrival of “one world” was predicted by Fromm in a lecture in 1962 at which he declared that it would be probably the most revolutionary event in the history of mankind.1 Pointing to the internationalization of production and the innovations in communications as indicators of this emergent globalization, the problem he poses is whether this world will be a place we can live in harmoniously or whether it will end as one great battlefield. His response turns on a dichotomy that he describes between a humanist tradition and a tribalist one. He identifies the humanist tradition with an affirmation of the equality of all people in the world, and quotes Cicero as stating, “you must now conceive of this whole universe as one commonwealth, of which both gods and men are members.”2 According to Fromm, the humanist task is to find a new harmony in life through the development of human powers, to achieve the realization of the essence of humanity. This language of human essence and its realization would have been no less strange to the audience in 1962 than it is today, and Fromm recognizes and laments the evanescence of the humanist tradition. He comments that the essence of man will become important only at a time when the experience of man is alive again.3

Keywords

Marketing Assimilation Egypt Defend Univer 

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Erich Fromm, “A New Humanism as a Condition for the One World” in Fromm, On Being Human (New York: Continuum, 1998), p. 61. The lecture was delivered at Sherwood Hall in La Jolla, California.Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Erich Fromm, Man For Himself: An Inquiry into the Psychology of Ethics (New York: Henry Holt, 1990), pp. 240–241.Google Scholar
  3. 7.
    Erich Fromm, Beyond the Chains of Illusion: My Encounter with Mark and Freud (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1962), pp. 6–8.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    Erich Fromm, The Sane Society (New York: Henry Holt, 1990), pp. 58–59.Google Scholar
  5. 12.
    Erich Fromm, The Heart of Man: Its Genius for Good and Evil (NewYork, Evanston, and London: Harper and Row, 1964), p. 78.Google Scholar
  6. 16.
    Michael Billig, Banal Nationalism (London: Sage, 1995), particularly chapter five, “Flagging the Homeland Daily.”Google Scholar
  7. 17.
    Pierre Bourdieu, Language and Symbolic Power (Polity: Cambridge, 1991). See also Bourdieu and Terry Eagleton, “Doxa and Common Life: An Interview” in Slovoj Zizek (ed.), Mapping Ideology (London and New York: Verso, 1994).Google Scholar
  8. 18.
    Erich Fromm, The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness (London: Pimlico, 1997), p. 276.Google Scholar
  9. 24.
    Erich Fromm, May Man Prevail?: An Inquiry Into the Facts and Fictions of Foreign Policy (New York: Anchor Books, 1964). Fromm engaged in a correspondence from 1952 with Democratic presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson on foreign affairs. It is no coincidence that this came to an abrupt end during the crisis, when Stevenson played a key role as United States Ambassador to the United Nations. The final letter to Stevenson is dated September 15, 1962, and reports on Fromm’s visit to the Moscow Peace Conference. The letters are in the Erich Fromm Archive in Tübingen.Google Scholar
  10. 27.
    Erich Fromm, To Have or To Be? (New York: Continuum, 2002), p. 189.Google Scholar
  11. 29.
    Stephen Nathanson, “Nationalism and the Limits of Global Humanism” in R. McKim and J. McMahan (eds.), The Morality of Nationalism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 184–185.Google Scholar
  12. 30.
    Yael Tamir, Liberal Nationalism (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993), p. 95.Google Scholar
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    David Miller, On Nationality (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), p. 49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 34.
    David Miller, Market, State and Community: Theoretical Foundations of Market Socialism (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990), p. 245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Erich Fromm, Escape From Freedom (New York: Henry Holt, 1994), p. 209.Google Scholar
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    Charles Taylor, “Nationalism and Modernity” in R. McKim and J. McMahan (eds.), The Morality of Nationalism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), pp. 40–41.Google Scholar
  17. 42.
    Richard Rorty, “The Unpatriotic Academy” in Rorty, Philosophy and Social Hope (London: Penguin, 1999), pp. 252–254. Billig exposes the latent nationalism in Rorty’s position in chapter seven of Banal Nationalism.Google Scholar
  18. 43.
    I. Berlin, “The Bent Twig: A Note on Nationalism” in Foreign Affairs 51, 1972, cited in Tamir’s Liberal Nationalism, p. 98; R. Rorty, Contingency, Irony and Solidarity (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989), p. 191.Google Scholar
  19. 46.
    See David Held and Anthony McGrew (eds.), Governing Globalization: Power, Authority, and Global Governance (Cambridge: Polity, 2002).Google Scholar
  20. 47.
    Hans Küng, A Global Ethic For Global Politics and Economics (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).Google Scholar
  21. 50.
    John Tomlinson, Cultural Imperialism: A Critical Introduction (London: Pinter, 1991), p. 174.Google Scholar
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    Peter Waterman, Globalization, Social Movements and the New Internationalisms (New York: Continuum, 2001), p. 237.Google Scholar
  23. 57.
    See, for example, Daniele Archibugi and David Held (eds.), Cosmopolitan Democracy: An Agenda For a New World Order (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995)Google Scholar
  24. David Held, Democracy and the Global Order (Cambridge: Polity, 1995)Google Scholar
  25. Richard Falk, On Humane Governance: Toward a New Global Politics (Cambridge: Polity, 1995)Google Scholar
  26. The Commission on Global Governance, Our Global Neighbourhood (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995). Two contributions in particular adopt an explicitly ethical stance not dissimilar to Fromm’s— Andrew Linklater, The Transformation of Political Community (Cambridge: Polity, 1998); David Harvey, Spaces of Hope (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2000).Google Scholar
  27. 58.
    John Holloway and Eloina Peláez, “Introduction: Reinventing Revolt” in Holloway and Peláez (eds.), Zapatista: Reinventing Revolution in Mexico (London and Sterling, VA: Pluto Press, 1998); see also Holloway’s chapter “Dignity’s Revolt.”Google Scholar

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© Lawrence Wilde 2004

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  • Lawrence Wilde

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