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The Textile Workshop at Saint-Florent in the Eleventh Century

  • George Beech
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)

Abstract

The earliest reference to a workshop for the production of cloth wall hangings at Saint-Florent occurs in the Historia Sancti Florentii Salmurensis (HSF), the principle narrative source for the early history of the abbey. In 1869, Paul Marchegay edited this text from the Livre Rouge, a cartulary compiled at Saint-Florent between the twelfth and the fifteenth centuries, and today in the departmental archives of the Maine-et-Loire in Angers (H 3715, ff. 45–63). Marchegay determined that anonymous authors, doubtless monks from the community, wrote this history in two successive stages beginning at the end of the twelfth century. Their history amounted to a reworking of earlier histories and documents then in the abbey archives but lost today.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    V. Mortet edited the passages of architectural interest in his Recueil de textes relatifs à l’histoire de l’architecture en France (Paris: Picard, 1911), 16–23.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    B. Bachrach has written about the political activities of Abbot Robert in “Robert of Blois abbot of St-Florent-de-Saumur and St. Mesmin de Micy, 985–1011: A Study in Power Politics,” Revue Benedictine 88 (1978), 123–46.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    Francisque-Xavier Michel, Recherches sur le commerce, la fabrication et l’usage des étoffes de Soie, d’or et d’argent et autres tissus précieux en Occident principalement en France pendant le Moyen Age (Paris: Crapelet, 1852,54), I,17, n. 1,71; II, 149.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Betty Kurth, Die Deutsche Bildteppiche des Mittelalters (Vienna: A. Schroll, 1926), I, 19; J. Hubert, L’art pré-roman (Paris: Les éditions d’art et d’histoire, 1937), 125–27; J. Evans, Art in Medieval France (New York: Oxford University Press, 1948), 15; M. Deschamps, “Les fresques des cryptes desGoogle Scholar
  5. 7.
    A. Jubinal, Les anciennes tapisseries historiées (Paris: Sansonetti, 1838); E. Muntz, Histoire de la tapisserie en Italie, en Angleterre (Paris: Société Anonyme de Publication, 1878–84); L. de Farcy, La broderie du Xle siècle jusqu’ à nos jours (Angers: Belhomme, 1890).Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    S. Keynes, The Diplomas of King Aethelred the Unready (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980), 187, n. 118; P. Stafford, Queen Emma and Queen Edith. Queenship and Women’s Power in Eleventh-Century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997), 66, n. 3.Google Scholar
  7. 18.
    S. Bertrand, La tapisserie de Bayeux et la manière de vivre au Xle siècle (Zodiac: Saint Léger-Vauban,Yonne, 1967), 39; Lesne, Histoire de la propriété écclésiastique, 249; A. Richard, Histoire des comtes de Poitou (Paris: Picard, 1903), I, 184–86.Google Scholar
  8. 22.
    Godard Faultrier, La tapisserie de Saint-Florent dessinée par L. Hawke (Angers: Cosnier et Lachzé, 1842), 3.Google Scholar
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    A. de Montaiglon, “L’Inventaire de Saint-Florent de Saumur,” Revue des sociétés savantes des départements 7e série, II (1880), 226–29.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© George Beech 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • George Beech

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