Citizenship and Pluralism: Multiculturalism in a World of Global Migration

  • Irene Bloemraad


On June 6, 2006 former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan pronounced to the General Assembly, “We are in a new migration era.”2 According to UN statistics, international migrants numbered 191 million in 2005, more than twice the number in 1970. About a third of these people live in Europe and about a quarter live in North America. Between 1990 and 2005 alone, Germany and Spain received more than 4 million migrants each, while the United States gained 15 million new foreign-born residents. International migrants make up over 20 percent of the population of 41 countries in the world.3 Annan proclaimed that international migration is highly beneficial to both sending and receiving societies but, he conceded, “We must all be aware of the social and cultural tensions that have arisen in many countries where there are large and recently established populations of foreign origins.”


National Origin Immigrant Integration Adopted Country Multiculturalism Policy Citizenship Policy 
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© Gökçe Yurdakul and Y. Michal Bodemann 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Bloemraad

There are no affiliations available

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