Advertisement

Citizenship and Pluralism: Multiculturalism in a World of Global Migration

  • Irene Bloemraad

Abstract

On June 6, 2006 former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan pronounced to the General Assembly, “We are in a new migration era.”2 According to UN statistics, international migrants numbered 191 million in 2005, more than twice the number in 1970. About a third of these people live in Europe and about a quarter live in North America. Between 1990 and 2005 alone, Germany and Spain received more than 4 million migrants each, while the United States gained 15 million new foreign-born residents. International migrants make up over 20 percent of the population of 41 countries in the world.3 Annan proclaimed that international migration is highly beneficial to both sending and receiving societies but, he conceded, “We must all be aware of the social and cultural tensions that have arisen in many countries where there are large and recently established populations of foreign origins.”

Keywords

National Origin Immigrant Integration Adopted Country Multiculturalism Policy Citizenship Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alba, Richard and Victor Nee (2003). Remaking the American Mainstream: Assimilation and Contemporary Immigration. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Banting, Keith, Richard Johnston, Will Kymlicka, and Stuart Soroka (2006). “Do Multiculturalism Policies Erode the Welfare State? An Empirical Analysis.” In Keith Banting and Will Kymlicka (eds.) Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barry, Brian (2001). Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bauböck, Rainer (1994). Transnational Citizenship: Membership and Rights in International Migration. Aldershot: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  5. Bissoondath, Neil (1993). “A Question of Belonging: Multiculturalism and Citizenship.” In William Kaplan (ed.) Belonging: The Meaning and Future of Canadian Citizenship. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bloemraad, Irene (2006). Becoming a Citizen: Incorporating Immigrants and Refugees in the United States and Canada. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  7. Brubaker, William Rogers (1992). Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Brubaker, William Rogers (2001). “The Return of Assimilation? Changing Perspectives on Immigration and Its Sequels in France, Germany, and the United States.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 24, 4, pp. 531–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Clarke, James, Elsbeth van Dam, and Liz Gooster (1998). “New Europeans: Naturalization and Citizenship in Europe.” Citizenship Studies 2, 1, pp. 43–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. DeSipio, Louis (2001). “Building America, One Person at a Time: Naturalization and the Political Behavior of the Naturalized in Contemporary American Politics.” In Gary Gerstle and John Mollenkopf (eds.) E Pluribus Unum? Contemporary and Historical Perspectives on Immigrant Political Incorporation. New York: Russell Sage.Google Scholar
  11. Gitlin, Todd (1995). The Twilight of Common Dreams: Why America Is Wracked by Culture Wars. New York: Metropolitan Books.Google Scholar
  12. Glazer, Nathan (1997). We Are All Multiculturalists Now. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Gwyn, Richard (1995). Nationalism Without Walls: The Unbearable Lightness of Being Canadian. Toronto: McClelland and Steward.Google Scholar
  14. Hollinger, David A. (2000). Postethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  15. Huntington, Samuel P. (2004). Who Are We? The Challenges to Americas National Identity. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  16. Jacobson, David (1996). Rights across Borders: Immigration and the Decline of Citizenship. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Jones-Correa, Michael (1998). Between Two Nations: The Political Predicament of Latinos in New York City. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Joppke, Christian (1999). Immigration and the Nation-State: The United States, Germany, and Great Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Joppke, Christian (2004). “The Retreat of Multiculturalism in the Liberal State: Theory and Policy.” British Journal of Sociology 55, 2, pp. 237–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Koopmans, Ruud, Paul Statham, Marco Giugni, and Florence Passy (2005). Contested Citizenship: Immigration and Cultural Diversity in Europe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  21. Kymlicka, Will (1995). Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  22. Li, Peter S. 1999. “The Multiculturalism Debate.” In PS. Li (ed.) Race and Ethnic Relations in Canada, 2nd Ed. Toronto: Oxford University Press, pp. 148–177.Google Scholar
  23. Rijkschroeff, R., J.W Duyvendak, and T. Pels (2004). Bronnenonderzoek Integratiebeleid [Historical Study of Integration Policy]. Den Haag, the Netherlands: SDU.Google Scholar
  24. Rijkschroeff, R., G. ten Dam, J.W. Duyvendak, M. Gruijter, and T. Pels (2005). “Educational Policy on Migrants and Minorities in the Netherlands.” Journal of Education Policy 20, 4, pp. 417–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schlesinger Jr., Arthur M. (1998). The Disuniting of America: Reflections on a Multicultural Society. New York: WW Norton.Google Scholar
  26. Soysal, Yasemin Nuhoglu (1994). Limits of Citizenship: Migrants and Postnational Membership in Europe. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  27. Taylor, Charles (1994). “The Politics of Recognition.” In Amy Gutmann (ed.) Multiculturalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Wong, Janelle (2006). Democracy’s Promise: Immigrants and American Civic Institutions. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Gökçe Yurdakul and Y. Michal Bodemann 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irene Bloemraad

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations