The Status, Role and Influence of Women in the Eastern Delta States of Nigeria, 1850–1900

Examples from New Calabar
  • Waibinte E. Wariboko


New Calabar, a ‘city-state’ (also called a ‘trading state’) located about 16 miles from the mouth of a river of the same name (New Calabar River), was one of the Eastern Delta states of Southern Nigeria. The other states were Bonny, Nembe Brass, Opobo and Okrika. All of these states had initially (from about the mid-fifteenth century to the mid-nineteenth century) traded m slaves to the European countries of Portugal, Holland, Spain and Britain. From the mid-nineteenth century, however, the Eastern Delta trading states began trading in palm oil and kernels, following the effective establishment of the trade in these commodities until the 1930s. Unlike the trade in slaves, Britain and Germany (especially the former) dominated European trade to the Eastern Delta throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.


Niger Delta Female Education Christian Mission Public Record Office Church Missionary Society 
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Copyright information

© Department of History, U.W.I., Mona, Jamaica 1995

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  • Waibinte E. Wariboko

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