Teacher Preparation in the Twentieth Century

  • Christopher J. Lucas


Accompanying dramatic increases in the numbers of students attending school at the turn of the century and beyond was an enduring, always troublesome, teacher shortage. In the year 1890, according to official estimates, some 14.1 million youngsters were enrolled in American schools; of these, more than half a million were attending secondary institutions (including 357,800 or so in public high schools and the remainder—about 142,000—in private schools). In 1930, four decades later, school enrollments had reached 23.5 million, including an estimated 4.5 to 4.7 million in public and private high schools. By 1940, the secondary enrollment total alone exceeded 7.1 million. Elementary enrollments between 1900 and 1930, meanwhile, had increased on average nearly 14 percent each decade.


Teacher Education Prospective Teacher Elementary Teacher Teacher Preparation Normal School 
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© Christopher J. Lucas 1999

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  • Christopher J. Lucas

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