Even a cursory examination cannot avoid observing the similarities in the development patterns of community policing in the four countries examined in this book. Police reform was initiated in reaction to — publicly exposed — internal police corruption (Walker, 1976), or as an attempt to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the police in its handling of crime and fear of crime, and responding to the local — neighbourhood-based — service needs of citizens (Kelling and Stewart, 1989). The unprecedented, genuine, reaching out to the community is a common characteristic — to one degree or another — to all the countries reviewed here, as if their police chiefs, inspector generals and other high police and public officials held an international conference and decided jointly to embark on community-oriented policing. It is clear that the new direction employs a significant transition in policing strategies and tactics from those of previous practices. What underlined all such widespread efforts was the search for a proper response to the perceived need to ‘improve relations with the community’.
KeywordsPolice Officer Crime Prevention Police Force Crime Control Police Service
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