Concepts and theoretical considerations in community policing
Policing is a much older concept than can be assumed by the nineteenth-century organization and establishment of what became the modern police forces as we now know them in most of the Western world. It is an important concept in the production of formal social control in both large and small societies. Policing is taken for granted as necessary to maintain an orderly society, or what we presently tend to refer to as the maintenance of ‘law and order’. The Judaeo-Christian tradition of policing is anchored in Deuteronomy 16: 18: ‘Judges and officers shalt thou make thee in all thy gates.’ But the real question to ask of judges who interpret the law and officers who enforce it, is the extent to which their actions have a true impact on reducing violation of the law; that is, to what extent can officers control crime when they are not those who produce it. In other words, assuming that community produces crime, does police work have a better impact on the crime rate with or without the assistance of various elements of the community?
KeywordsPolice Officer Crime Prevention Police Service Voluntary Association Police Organization
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