Perceptions of City and Country in Modern Chinese Fiction in the Early Republican Era

  • Tao Tao Liu
Part of the St Antony’s Series book series


We associate the rise of modern Chinese (baihua) literature with the cities in China, in particular Beijing and Shanghai, and we tend to forget that the creators of such works were all, with very few exceptions, especially in the Republican era, immigrants to these cities from towns and villages all over the country.


Native Place City Dweller Chinese Intellectual Applied Sociology Civil Service Examination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. A. Ying ed. (1960) Wanqing wenxue congchao. Xiaoshuo xiju yanjiu juan, Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju, 14–19.Google Scholar
  2. Ba Jin (1958) Ba Jin Wenji, Beijing: Renmin Wenxue Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  3. Blacker, Carmen (1964) The Japanese Enlightenment: a study of the writings of Fukuzawa Yukichi, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Brandes, Georg Morris Cohen (1901) Main Currents in 19th Century Literature Volume I, Emigrant Literature, transl. D White, London.Google Scholar
  5. Chuncan (1933) Xianggang wenxue yanjiu she (1968, 2: 287–308).Google Scholar
  6. Cimu (1923) Feng Yuanjun (1983: 31–7).Google Scholar
  7. Committee on International Migration (1970) Modernization and the Migration of Talent, a report from the Education and World Affairs, 1970, USA.Google Scholar
  8. Ding Ling (1981) Ding Ling Duanpian Xiaoshuo Xuan, Beijing: Renmin Wenxue Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  9. Douw, Leo (1933) ‘Chinese sociology in 1930’s. On the acculturation of Social Scientists’ political attitudes’, in K.W. Ratke and Tony Saich, eds China’s Modernization, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.Google Scholar
  10. Elvin, Mark (1977) ‘Market Towns and Waterways: The County of Shanghai from 1480 to 1910’, in G. William Skinner The City in Late Imperial China, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 442–73.Google Scholar
  11. Elvin, Mark and Skinner, G. William (1974) eds, The Chinese City between Two Worlds, Stanford: Stanford University press.Google Scholar
  12. Faure, David (1989) The Rural Economy of pre-Liberation China, Hong Kong: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Fei Xiaotong (1939) Peasant Life in China, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  14. Feng Yuanjun (1983) Feng Yuanjun Chuangzuo Yiwen Ji, Jinan: Shandong Renmin Wenxue Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  15. Fukuzawa Yukichi (1966) The Autobiography of Fukuzawa Yukichi, trans. Kiyooka Eiichi, New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Fukuzawa Yukichi (1973) An Outline of a theory of civilization (Bummeison no Gairyaku), Tokyo: Sophia University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Fuqin de huayuan (1923) Zhao (1935–36, 4: 265–7).Google Scholar
  18. Galik, Marian (1986) Milestones in Sino-Western Literary Confrontation (1898–1979), Wiesbaden: Harrosswitz Verlag.Google Scholar
  19. Grieder, Jerome. B (1981), Intellectuals and the State in Modern China, New York: Free Press and Collier Macmillan.Google Scholar
  20. Grimm, Tileman, (1977) ‘Academic and Urban Systems in Kwantung’ in M. Elvin and G. William Skinner eds The City in Late Imperial China, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 475–498.Google Scholar
  21. Gun, Andrew (1981) Writers in Exile: the identity of home in modern literature, New Jersey NJ: Harvester Press and Brighton: Sussex: Humanities Press.Google Scholar
  22. Guxiang (1921) Lu Xun (1981: 476–86).Google Scholar
  23. Haddon, Rosemary (1994), ‘Chinese nativist literature of the 1920s: The sojomernarrator’, Modern Chinese Literature, 8: 97–125.Google Scholar
  24. Hei Bai Li (1934) Lao She (1985, 8: 104–18).Google Scholar
  25. Huaijiu (1912) Lu Xun (1981, 7: 215–24).Google Scholar
  26. Jia (1933) Ba Jin (1958, 4).Google Scholar
  27. Jiehui (1926) Feng Yuanjun (1983: 6–12).Google Scholar
  28. Kaishi daji (1934) Lao She (1985,8: 64–71).Google Scholar
  29. Kinkley, Jeffrey (1987) The Odyssey of Shen Congwen, Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Kong Yi Ji (1919) Lu Xun (1981,1: 434–9).Google Scholar
  31. Kuo Moruo (1959) Moruo Quanji, Beijing: Renmin Wenxue Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  32. Lai Ch’ing-hu (1980) Yanyun siwang lu (A backward look at dust and mist), Taipei: Chuan-chi wen-hsueh Ch’u-pan she.Google Scholar
  33. Lao She (1945) ‘How I came to write Camel Xiangzi’ in Lao She (1980:606–10).Google Scholar
  34. Lao She (1980) Lao She Yanjiu Ziliao, Zeng Guangshan and Wu Huaibin, eds Beijing: Shiyue Wenyi Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  35. Lao She (1985) Lao She Wenji Beijing, Renmin Wenxue Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  36. Lao Zhang de Zhexue (1926) Lao She (1985).Google Scholar
  37. Lau, Joseph S.M., C.T. Hsia, and Leo Oufan Lee (1981) Modem Chinese Stories and Novellas 1919–49, New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  38. Lee Leo-Oufan (1986) ‘Zhongguo xiandai xiaoshuo de xianjuzhe, Shi, Mu and Liu zuopin jianie’ in Lian-he wen-hsueh, 37: 8–14.Google Scholar
  39. Lun Leifengta de daodiao (1925) Lu Xun (1981,1: 171–3).Google Scholar
  40. Luotuo Xiangzi (1934–36) Lao She (1985).Google Scholar
  41. Lu Xun (1981) Lu Xun Quanji, Beijing: Renmin Wenxue Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  42. Mao Dun (1956) Mao Dun Wenji, Beijing: Renmin Wenxue Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  43. Meiyu zhi xi (1929) Yan Jiayan (1985:18–29).Google Scholar
  44. Mote, F.W. (1977), ‘The Transformation of Nanking, 1350–1400’ in G.William Skinner ed. The City in Late Imperial China, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 101–54.Google Scholar
  45. Murphy, Rhoads (1974) ‘The Treaty Ports and China’s Modernization’ in M. Elvin and G. William Skinner The Chinese City between Two Worlds, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 17–71.Google Scholar
  46. Pao (1935) Xianggang Wenxue Yanjiu She (1968,2: 601–18).Google Scholar
  47. Reqing zhi gu (1928) Yan Jiayan (1985: 1–9).Google Scholar
  48. Shafei nushi de riji (1922) Ding Ling (1981:43–82).Google Scholar
  49. Shanghai degubu wu (1932) Yan Jiayan (1985: 160–71).Google Scholar
  50. Shen Congwen (1982–83) Shen Congwen Wenji, Shao Huaqiang and Ling Yu eds Guangzhou and Hongkong: Huacheng Chubanshe, Sanlian Shuju.Google Scholar
  51. Shen Congweng, Zizhuan (1987, 1930 ) Taipei: Lian-ho Wen-hsueh.Google Scholar
  52. Shexi (1922) Lu Xun (1981,1: 559–70).Google Scholar
  53. Wanyi mu (1923) Zhao (1935–36,4: 207–13).Google Scholar
  54. Wang Der-wei (1987) ‘Lun Wang Luyan’, Lianhe Wenxue 33: 79–85.Google Scholar
  55. Wen Yiduo (1968) Wen Yiduo quanji, Hong Kong: Yuandong Publishing Company.Google Scholar
  56. Williams, Raymond (1973) The City and the Country, London: Chatto and Windus.Google Scholar
  57. Wong Siu-lun (1979) Sociology and Socialism in Contemporary China, London: Routledge, Kegan and Paul.Google Scholar
  58. Xianggang Wenxue Yanjiu She (1968) Zhongguo Xin Wenxue Daxi Xubian, Hongkong: Xianggang Wenxue Yanjiu She.Google Scholar
  59. Xiaoxiao (1931) Shen Congwen (1982–83, 6: 220–35).Google Scholar
  60. Xielei (1922) Yu Dafu (1968: 116–29).Google Scholar
  61. Xu Dishan (1984) Xu Dishan Xiaoshuo Xuan, Taipei: Hongfan Shuju.Google Scholar
  62. Yeh, Catherine Vance (1997) The Life-style of Four Wenrenin late Qing Shanghai, Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 419–70.Google Scholar
  63. Yan Jiayan (1985) Xin Ganjuepai Xiaoshuo Xuan, Beijing, Renmin Wenxue Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  64. Yu Dafu (1968) Yu Dafu Xuanji, Hong Kong: Wenxue Chubanshe.Google Scholar
  65. Yuxiang (1929) Zhao (1935–6,8: 253).Google Scholar
  66. Zhao Jiabi (1935–36) Zhongguo Xin Wenxue Daxi, Shanghai: Liangyou.Google Scholar
  67. Zhao Ziyue (1929) Lao She (1985).Google Scholar
  68. Zhu fu (1924) Lu Xun (1981, 2: 5–23).Google Scholar
  69. Ziye (1933) Mao Dun (1956, 3).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Tao Tao Liu 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tao Tao Liu

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations