Attitudes toward Foreign Policy Issues

  • Barry Rubin


The fundamentalists view the outside world in a negative fashion. There are enemies everywhere who seek to corrupt and destroy Islam with an almost satanic determination. In particular, they have identified four forces as foes of Islam, each also allegedly determined to block the fundamentalists’ triumph: Crusaders (i.e., Christians and the West), the Jews (Israel and an international Jewish conspiracy), Communism, and secularism.


Islamic World Arab State Muslim Brotherhood Islamic State Fundamentalist Movement 
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Notes and References

  1. 2.
    Ami Ayalon, “Regime Opposition and Terrorism in Egypt,” in Barry Rubin, The Politics of Terrorism (Washington: Johns Hopkins University Foreign Policy Institute, 1989).Google Scholar
  2. 4.
    Sylvia Haim, “Sayyid Qutb,” Asian and African Studies, 16 (1982) pp. 155–6.Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    Ron Nettler, Past Trials and Present Tribulations: A Moslem Fundamentalists’ View of Jews (Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1987).Google Scholar
  4. 23.
    Zuhayr Mardini, Al-Ladudan: Al-Wafd wa-al-Ikhwan (Beirut: Dar Iqra’, 1984) p. 146.Google Scholar
  5. 25.
    Adil Hammudah, “The Trial,” Ruz al-Yusuf, 3036 (August 18, 1986) pp. 26–30.Google Scholar
  6. 27.
    Rivka Yadlin, Anti-Zionism as Anti-Judaism in Egypt, (Jerusalem: Zalman Shazar Center, 1988).Google Scholar
  7. 33.
    Daud al-Sharayan, “Jalal Kishk: The Islamic Movement has Gone Beyond Tilimsani,” Al-Yamamah, 33 (829) (November 21, 1984) pp. 42–6.Google Scholar
  8. Kepel, Muslim Extremism in Egypt: The Prophet and the Pharaoh (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986) p. 183.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barry Rubin 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Rubin

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