Popular Islam and Official Ulama
The Egyptian state has many religious assets to counter fundamentalism and uses the powerful religious institutions to strengthen itself. For centuries, Egypt’s rulers have worked closely with the religious establishment. In Iran, the Shi’ite clergy was a largely independent body with a past record of having an adversarial relationship toward the monarchy. Sunni Egypt has no such tradition or structure.
KeywordsReligious Education Legal Punishment Muslim Brotherhood Egyptian Society Capital Punishment Case
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Notes and References
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- Fahmy Howaydi, The Qur’an and the Sultan (Cairo: Dar al-Shuruk, 1982).Google Scholar
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- 24.Rivka Yadlin, “Militant Islam in Egypt: Some Sociocultural Aspects,” in Gabriel Warburg and Uri Kupferschmidt, Islam, Nationalism, and Radicalism in Egypt and the Sudan (New York: Praeger 1983) pp. 159–82.Google Scholar