Popular Islam and Official Ulama

  • Barry Rubin


The Egyptian state has many religious assets to counter fundamentalism and uses the powerful religious institutions to strengthen itself. For centuries, Egypt’s rulers have worked closely with the religious establishment. In Iran, the Shi’ite clergy was a largely independent body with a past record of having an adversarial relationship toward the monarchy. Sunni Egypt has no such tradition or structure.


Religious Education Legal Punishment Muslim Brotherhood Egyptian Society Capital Punishment Case 
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Notes and References

  1. 5.
    Fouad Ajami, The Arab Predicament (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981) p. 186.Google Scholar
  2. Fahmy Howaydi, The Qur’an and the Sultan (Cairo: Dar al-Shuruk, 1982).Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Giles Kepel, Muslim Extremism in Egypt: The Prophet and the Pharaoh (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986).Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    Muhammed Ma’tuq, “The Mufti of Egypt responds to the Pamphlet: ‘The Invisible Religious Duty,’” Al-Majallah, 2 (97) (December 19, 1981) p. 14.Google Scholar
  5. 24.
    Rivka Yadlin, “Militant Islam in Egypt: Some Sociocultural Aspects,” in Gabriel Warburg and Uri Kupferschmidt, Islam, Nationalism, and Radicalism in Egypt and the Sudan (New York: Praeger 1983) pp. 159–82.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barry Rubin 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Rubin

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