This chapter considers the structure and ideology of the jama’at, the Islamic fundamentalist groups which seek to institute an Islamic government by violent revolution. While a number of their leaders were former Brotherhood members, these groups differed with the Muslim Brotherhood because they rejected any compromise with the existing structures. Their ideology is carefully examined since it is so much at odds with the Islam understood and practiced by most Egyptian Muslims and thus constrains these groups’ popularity.


Muslim Brotherhood Islamic Society Revolutionary Movement Formal Legal Opinion Egyptian Society 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Saad Eddin Ibrahim, “Anatomy of Egypt’s Militant Islamic groups; Methodological Note and Preliminary Findings,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, 12 (1980) p. 429.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    Olivier Carré, “Le Combat-Pour-Dieu et L’État Islamique, chez Sayyid Qutb, l’inspirateur du radicalism islamique actuel,” Revue Française de Science Politique, 13 (4) (August 1983) pp. 680–703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 28.
    Sawsan al-Jihar, “The Weapons of Those Who Claim to be Prophets,” Ruz al-Yusuf, 61 (3019) (April 21, 1986) pp. 39–42.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barry Rubin 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Rubin

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