The Origin of the Second Crusade
In seeking to establish the formal origin of the Second Crusade, one finds that in Vetralla on December 1, 1145, Pope Eugenius III issued the crusading bull Quantum praedecessores.1 Here, the pope addresses himself to France’s King Louis VII, his princes and all the faithful living in his realm. Eugenius recalls the efforts of Franks and Italians who, inspired by his predecessor Pope Urban II, took Jerusalem from the Moslems. The pope beseeches Louis and his men to recapture the city of Edessa (present-day Urfa, Turkey), which recently had been taken by the Moslems. In return, Eugenius promises ecclesiastical protection of those family members, goods and possessions left behind by the new crusaders; he also declares the protection of debtors who participate in the crusade. The pope establishes some norms of behavior which must be followed by all who take the cross: expensive clothes, dogs and falcons are forbidden. To those who respond to this call, the pope grants the remission of sins.
KeywordsGeneral Assembly French Court Virum Unum Canonical Restriction Text Ofthe
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