The Influence of St. Bernard of Clairvaux on the Formation of the Order of the Knights Templar
After the conclusion of the First Crusade, more pilgrims visited the Holy Land than ever before. Unprotected, many of these pilgrims were attacked, losing their property and often their lives. A murderous attack on some hundred pilgrims journeying from Jerusalem to the Jordan during Easter of 11191 induced a group of nine men to abandon their idle lifestyle under the shelter of the Prior of the Holy Sepulchre. They asked King Baldwin II of Jerusalem for permission to arm themselves in defense of the pilgrims.
KeywordsReligious Service Papal Charter Noble Family Grand Master French Rule
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