Reflections on Art in Crusader Jerusalem about the Time of the Second Crusade: c.1140–c.1150
The origins of the Second Crusade are derived from the fall of Edessa in December 1144. The expedition itself in 1147–48 accomplished nothing on the battlefield, and despite the importance of its leaders, the French king Louis VII and the German king Conrad III, hardly aided the Crusader States at all in any substantial way, politically, economically, or otherwise. Furthermore, it should not be overlooked that within weeks after the departure of the Crusade’s last remaining leader, Louis VII, for the West, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was dedicated, on July 15, 1149. We might wonder why Louis, who seemed to have considerable sensibility regarding the fate of the Crusader East, would leave Jerusalem on the eve of such a major anniversary and such a special event for the holy city, in effect turning his back on the Latin Kingdom.1
KeywordsArchitectural Element Bell Tower Holy City Pointed Arch Great Mosque
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