The Battle of Villa El Salvador
In a context of relentless insurgent attacks and car bombs in Lima, Shining Path declared an armed strike in the capital for February 14, 1992. María Elena Moyano, a prominent Afro-Peruvian community leader who grew up and lived in Villa El Salvador, decided that the time had come to challenge Shining Path. The insurgent group had been gaining ground in Villa El Salvador, particularly among the rank and file of the different women’s organizations in the district, including the community kitchens. Moyano, co-founder and former head of the FEPOMUVES, was elected deputy mayor of the district in 1989. She and several local IU leaders were mercilessly fustigated in Shining Path’s newspaper El Diario.1
KeywordsCivil Society Credit Union Municipal Government Political Violence Military Regime
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- 1.This chapter is based on “The Battle of Lima: The Case of Villa El Salvador,” by Jo-Marie Burt, first published in Shining and Other Paths: War and Society in Peru, 1980–1995, edited by Steve Stern. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1998: 267–306.Google Scholar