The Challenges Ahead: George W. Bush and the 2004 Election

  • Kevin J. McMahon
  • David M. Rankin


The remarkable rally around President George W. Bush gradually subsided just after the second anniversary of September 11, 2001. After more than two years, presidential approval ratings fell back to pre-9/11 levels before descending to the lowest levels of the George W. Bush presidency. Beyond the post-9/11 symbolism of “United We Stand,” the politics of divisiveness reemerged with renewed force and consequence as the 2004 presidential election heated up.


Presidential Election Bush Administration Republican Party Discretionary Spending Public Employee Union 


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Copyright information

© Jon Kraus, Kevin J. McMahon, and David M. Rankin 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin J. McMahon
  • David M. Rankin

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