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Whore of the East

  • Bertil Lintner

Abstract

It was already over when the first communist troops marched into Shanghai on a quiet Wednesday morning, 25 May 1949. Chiang Kai-shek and other top leaders of the nationalist Guomindang—who boasted of turning Shanghai into a new Stalingrad and would ‘fight to the end’—had fled on a gunboat to Taiwan weeks before the city finally fell after a long siege by Mao Zedong’s army of peasant revolutionaries. According to Sam Tata, an Indian Parsi and a native of the city who witnessed its fall: ‘At the same time, the vaults of the Bank of China were secretly emptied of their stocks of bullion and the entire gold reserves of the country were spirited after him. The President had pulled off the biggest bank robbery of all time’.2

Keywords

Opium Trade Qing Dynasty Secret Society East India Company Grand Canal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Edgar Snow, Red China Today, Vintage Books, New York, 1971, pp. 503–4.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ian McLachlan, Shanghai 1949: The End of an Era, New Amsterdam, New York, 1990, p. 13. Technically, Chiang Kai-shek had ‘retired’ from the presidency in January 1949, and handed over his duties ‘temporarily’ to vice president Li Tsung-jen. On 1 March 1950, Chiang resumed office in Taipei.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mariano Ezpeleta, Red Shadows Over Shanghai, Zita Publishing, Manila, 1972, p. 185.Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Lynn Pan (Pan Ling), Old Shanghai: Gangsters in Paradise, Heinemann Asia, Singapore, 1993, p. 221.Google Scholar
  5. 18.
    Josef von Sternberg, Fun in a Chinese Laundry, Secker & Warburg, London, 1965. Quoted in Barbara Baker (ed.), Shanghai: Electric and Lurid City, Oxford University Press, Hong Kong, Oxford & New York, 1998, pp. 144–5.Google Scholar
  6. 19.
    F.L. Hawks Pott, A Short History of Shanghai, Kelly & Walsh, Shanghai, 1928, p. 4.Google Scholar
  7. 20.
    Alfred McCoy, The Politics of Heroin: CIA Complicity in the Global Drug Trade, Lawrence Hill Books, New York, 1991, pp. 83–6. See also Maurice Collis, Foreign Mud, Faber & Faber, London, 1946, pp. 66–7; and The Opium War, no author; Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, 1976, pp. 4–6.Google Scholar
  8. 36.
    Frederic Wakeman Jr, Policing Shanghai 1927–1937, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1995, p. 35.Google Scholar
  9. 37.
    Samuel Merwin, Drugging a Nation, Fleming H. Reveil Company, New York, 1908, p. 9.Google Scholar
  10. 39.
    John. M. Jennings, The Opium Empire: Japanese Imperialism and Drug Trafficking in Asia, 1895–1945, Praeger, Westport, Conn., 1997, p. 62.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bertil Lintner 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bertil Lintner

There are no affiliations available

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