The Sick Leader: De Facto Removal from Power
Lenin’s health began to fail in 1921. In August 1921, he wrote to M. Gorky, “I am so tired that I am incapable of the slightest work.”1 Undoubtedly, the political and personal failures of the past year (the defeat in Poland, the failure of War Communism, and the death of his former lover Inessa Armand2), as well as Lenin’s efforts to solve the regime’s economic, political, cultural, and other problems single-handedly, contributed to his health crisis.
KeywordsCentral Committee Donets Basin Personal Failure October Revolution Outstanding Ability
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