The Monopolization of Power during the Civil War: 1917–1920
The Bolsheviks faced armed opposition from late 1917 until November 1920. Lenin applied the term civil war broadly (Document 15). He envisaged a titanic struggle of the proletariat with the possessing classes, not only in Russia, but all over the world. In practice, the Civil War was both a context and a rationale for the concentration of power in the hands of a few Bolshevik leaders and for the institutionalization of a repressive regime (Documents 22 and 25). Lenin’s personal role in banning rival parties, arresting their leaders, and in demonstrative arrests and summary executions is apparent in several of the documents.
KeywordsCollect Work Central Committee Soviet Republic Socialist Revolution Soviet Government
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