Visual Culture and the German Middle Ages

  • Kathryn Starkey
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)


T his multidisciplinary collection of essays draws on various theoretical approaches to explore the highly visual nature of the German Middle Ages and to expose new facets of old texts and artifacts. The term visual culture has been used in recent years to refer to modern media theory, film, modern art, and other contemporary representational forms and functions.


Thirteenth Century Literary Text Printing Press Oral Performance Visual Culture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Chris Jenks, ed., Visual Culture (London: Routledge, 1995)Google Scholar
  2. Nicolas Mirzoeff, ed., An Introduction to Visual Culture (London: Routledge, 1999)Google Scholar
  3. Mirzoeff, ed., The Visual Culture Reader (London: Routledge, 1998).Google Scholar
  4. See also Martin Jay, Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    See Joachim Bumke, Courtly Culture: Literature and Sodety in the High Middle Ages (1991; repr. Woodstock, NY: Overlook Press, 2000), who discusses many of these changes and innovations.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    See Horst Wenzel, Hören und Sehen: Schrift und Bild (Munich: C.H. Beck, 1995).Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    Pope Gregory I, Gregorii I papae Registrum Epistolarutn, ed. Ludwig Hartmann, MGH: Epistolae, vol. 2, no. 270 (Berlin, 1899).Google Scholar
  8. 9.
    Some of the most important collections of essays in German are as follows: Christel Meier and Uwe Ruberg, eds., Text und Bild: Aspekte des Zusammenwirkens zweier Künste in Mittelalter und früher Neuzeit (Wiesbaden: Reichert, 1980)Google Scholar
  9. Wolfgang Harms, ed., Text und Bild, Bild und Text, DFG Symposium 1988 (Stuttgart: Metzler, 1990)Google Scholar
  10. Klaus Dirscherl, ed., Bild und Text im Dialog (Passau: Wissenschaftsverlag Rothe, 1993). Two important studies that served as touchstones for a previous generation of scholars are Wolfgang Stammler, Wort und Bild: Studien zu den Wechselbeziehungen zwischen Schrifttum und Bildkunst im Mittelalter (Berlin: Schmidt, 1962)Google Scholar
  11. F.P. Pickering, Literatur und darstellende Kunst im Mittelalter (Berlin: Schmidt, 1966).Google Scholar
  12. See also F.P. Pickering, Essays on Medieval Literature and Iconography (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980).Google Scholar
  13. 10.
    There are a few exceptions, such as: Sarah Westphal, Textual Poetics of German Manuscripts, 1300–1500 (Columbia, SC: Camden House, 1993)Google Scholar
  14. Joan A. Holladay Illuminating the Epic: The Kassel Willehalm Codex and the Landgraves of Hesse in the Early Fourteenth Century (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1996)Google Scholar
  15. James A. Rushing, Jr., Images of Adventure: “Ywain” in the Visual Arts (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995). Joachim Bumke’s seminal study of courtly culture (Courtly Culture) has recently been translated into English and has already found tremendous resonance in the scholarly community. The work of C. Stephen Jaeger and Jeffrey Hamburger has also crossed disciplinary divides and been widely recognized in the field of Medieval Studies.Google Scholar
  16. 13.
    See, for example, Herbert Grundmann, “Litteratus-illitteratus: Der Wandel einer Bildungsnorm vom Altertum zum Mittelalter,” Archiv für Kulturgeschichte 40 (1958): 1–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 14.
    For two recent studies on the two-fold reception of medieval English literature, see Joyce Coleman, Public Reading and the Reading Public in Late Medieval England and France (NewYork: Cambridge University Press, 1996)Google Scholar
  18. Nancy Mason Bradbury, Writing Aloud: Storytelling in Late Medieval England (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1998).Google Scholar
  19. 15.
    Dennis Green, Medieval Listening and Reading: The Primary Reception of German Literature, 800–1300 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© Kathryn Starkey and Horst Wenzel 2005

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  • Kathryn Starkey

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