Wails and Whispers

The People’s Voice in African Muslim Politics
  • Donal B. Cruise O’Brien


“The principle of the sovereignty of the people is at the base of all forms of government and it hides under the least free of institutions.”(A. de Tocqueville, Recollections)


Electoral Politics Islamic Revolution Muslim Organisation Islamic Institution European Conquest 
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  1. 1.
    J.P. Mayer and S.P. Kerr (eds), trans. George Lawrence, New York: Doubleday, 1971, p. 296.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aristide Zolberg, “The Structure of Political Conflict in the New States of Tropical Africa”, American Political Science Review, 62, 1 (1968), pp. 70–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Huntington, The Clash of Civilisations and the Remaking of the World Order, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996.Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    C. Geertz, Islam Observed: Religious Development in Morocco and Indonesia, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1968.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Jean-Louis Triaud, La Légende Moire de la Sanusiyya. Une confrérie musulmane saharienne sous le regardfrançais, Paris: Eds de la Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, 1995Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    J.S. Trimingham, The Influence of Islam upon Africa, 2nd edn (London: Longman, 1980), p. 142.Google Scholar
  7. D. Westerlund and E.E. Rosander (eds), African Islam and Islam in Africa. Encounters between Stifts and Islamists, London: Hurst/Nordic Africa Institute, 1997.Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    See L. Brenner (ed.), Muslim Identity and Social Change in Sub-Saharan Africa, London: Hurst, 1993.Google Scholar
  9. 12.
    The Mali situation is updated and closely analysed in L. Brenner, Controlling Knowledge: Religion, Power, and Schooling in a West African Muslim Society, London: Hurst, 2000.Google Scholar
  10. 13.
    The long historical tradition of cohabitation between Muslims and secular political power in the Middle East and elsewhere, is discussed in S. Zubaida, Islam, the People and the State, London: Routledge, 1989.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Donal B. Cruise O’Brien 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donal B. Cruise O’Brien

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