The Influence of the Spanish-American War on the U.S. Marine Corps
The Spanish-American War proved to be the crucible for the U.S. Marine Corps. While not fully knowing how they would use it, soon after the war’s outbreak naval authorities ordered establishment of a Marine battalion with its own transport. The activities of this battalion, whose men numbered less than a quarter of the active Marine Corps, not only received public approbation, but also suggested a change in the future relationship between the Marine Corps and the Navy.
KeywordsMarine Corps Hampton Road Land Force Naval Blockade Lieutenant Colonel
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Lieutenant Commander Richard Wainwright, “Our Naval Power,” United States Naval Institute Proceedings (Mar 1898): 39–87, 48.Google Scholar
- 4.David E Trask, The War with Spain in 1898 (London: Macmillan, 1981), 90–91;Google Scholar
- John D. Long, The New American Navy (New York: The Outlook Company, 1903), I, 243;Google Scholar
- Robley D. Evans, A Sailor’s Log, Recollections of Forty Years of Naval Life (New York: D. Appleton Company, 1910), 407;Google Scholar
- 16.McCalla ltr to Sampson, Jul 19, 1898 reprinted in Major Richard S. Collum, History of the United States Marine Corps (New York: R. L. Hamersly Co., 1903), 348–49;Google Scholar
- Bernard C. Nalty, The United States Marines in the War with Spain (Washington: GPO, 1967 revised edition), 9;Google Scholar
- 24.R. W. Stallman and E. R. Hageman, eds., The War Despatches of Stephen Crane (New York: Macmillan, 1964), 140–54, 171–72, 267–74;Google Scholar
- Allan R. Millett, Semper Fidelis: The History of the United States Marine Corps (New York: Free Press, 1981), 133–34.Google Scholar
- 29.Chadwick Itr to Cornelia Chadwick, Jul 4, 1898 in Doris D. Maguire, ed., French Ensor Chadwick, Selected Letters and Papers (Washington: University Press of America, 1981), 194–95.Google Scholar
- 31.French Ensor Chadwick, The Relations of the United States with Spain, The Spanish American War 2 vols. (New York: Russell & Russell, 1911, reissued in 1968), 208.Google Scholar
- 32.Long ltr to Sampson, Jul 13, 1898 in Rear Admiral W. T. Sampson, “History of Relations between Army and Navy at Santiago,” Aug 1, 1898 reprinted in Appendix to the Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Navigation 625;Google Scholar
- 36.F. Goodrichltr to CinC North Atlantic Fleet, Aug 13, 1898, reprinted in Appendix to the Report of the Chief of the Bureau of Navigation 301–3.Google Scholar