Najmuddin Shah Mubarak “Abru”: Advice to a Beloved (Urdu)

  • Saleem Kidwai
  • Ruth Vanita


Najmuddin Shah Mubarak, who used the pen name “Abru” (Honor) was among the earliest well known Urdu poets of north India. He came from a family of Sufi saints and scholars. He was born in Gwalior in central India, ca. 1683, and migrated to Delhi for employment. He died in December 1733 after being kicked by a horse.2


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  1. 1.
    Mohammad Hasan, ed., Diwan-i-Abru (New Delhi: Taraqqi Urdu Bureau, 1990), 298–308.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jamil Jalibi, Tarikh I Urdu Adab (Delhi: Educational Publishing House, 1977; 1989)Google Scholar

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© Ruth Vanita and Saleem Kidwai 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saleem Kidwai
  • Ruth Vanita

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